15 October Events
Published : 15 Oct 2018, 10:41
October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar.
1066 – Edgar the Ætheling is proclaimed King of England, but is never crowned. He reigns until 10 December 1066.
1211 – Battle of the Rhyndacus: The Latin emperor Henry of Flanders defeats the Nicaean emperor Theodore I Laskaris.
1529 – The Siege of Vienna ends when Austria routs the invading Ottoman Empire forces, ending its European expansion.
1582 – Adoption of the Gregorian calendar begins, eventually, leading to near-universal adoption.
1764 – Edward Gibbon is inspired to begin work on The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
1783 – The Montgolfier brothers' hot air balloon (tethered) makes the first human ascent, piloted by Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier.
1793 – Queen Marie Antoinette of France is tried and convicted, and condemned to death the following day.
1815 – Emperor Napoleon I begins his exile on Saint Helena in the Atlantic Ocean.
1863 – American Civil War: The H. L. Hunley, the first submarine to sink a ship, sinks, killing its inventor.
1864 – American Civil War: The Union garrison of Glasgow, Missouri surrenders to Confederate forces.
1878 – The Edison Electric Light Company begins operation.
1888 – The "From Hell" letter allegedly sent by Jack the Ripper is received by investigators.
1894 – The Dreyfus affair: Alfred Dreyfus is arrested for spying.
1904 – The Russian Baltic Fleet leaves Reval, Estonia for Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War.
1910 – Airship America is launched from New Jersey in the first attempt to cross the Atlantic by a powered aircraft.
1917 – World War I: Dutch dancer Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for spying for the Germans.
1923 – The German Rentenmark is introduced in Germany to counter hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic.
1928 – The airship, Graf Zeppelin completes its first trans-Atlantic flight, landing at Lakehurst, New Jersey, United States.
1932 – Tata Airlines (later to become Air India) makes its first flight.
1934 – The Soviet Republic of China collapses when Chiang Kai-shek's National Revolutionary Army successfully encircles Ruijin, forcing the fleeing Communists to begin the Long March.
1939 – The New York Municipal Airport (later renamed LaGuardia Airport) is dedicated.
1940 – President Lluís Companys of Catalonia is executed by the Francoist government.
1944 – The Arrow Cross Party (modelled on Hitler's Nazi party) takes power in Hungary.
1945 – World War II: The former premier of Vichy France Pierre Laval is shot by a firing squad for treason.
1951 – Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes completes the synthesis of norethisterone, the basis of an important early oral contraceptive.
1951 – The first episode of I Love Lucy, a sitcom starring Lucille Ball, airs on CBS.
1953 – British nuclear test Totem 1 is detonated at Emu Field, South Australia.
1954 – Hurricane Hazel devastates the eastern seaboard of North America, killing 95 and causing massive floods as far north as Toronto.
1956 – FORTRAN, the first modern computer language, is first shared with the coding community.
1965 – Vietnam War: A draft card is burned during an anti-war rally by the Catholic Worker Movement, resulting in the first arrest under a new law.
1966 – The Black Panther Party is created by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale.
1969 – In the Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam, over two million demonstrate nationally; about 250,000 in Washington D.C.
1970 – Thirty-five construction workers are killed when a section of the new West Gate Bridge in Melbourne collapses.
1979 – Black Monday in Malta. Supporters of the Labour Party ransack and destroy the Times of Malta building and other locations associated with the Nationalist Party.
1989 – Wayne Gretzky becomes the all-time leading points scorer in the NHL.
1990 – Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to lessen Cold War tensions and open up his nation.
1991 – The "Oh-My-God particle", an ultra-high-energy cosmic ray of far higher energy than any before seen, is observed at the University of Utah HiRes observatory.
1995 – Marco Campos dies in a race at the Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours circuit, the only driver ever killed in the International Formula 3000 series.
1997 – Andy Green in ThrustSSC sets the first supersonic land speed record. (United Kingdom).
1997 – The Cassini probe launches from Cape Canaveral on its way to Saturn.
2001 – NASA's Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles of Jupiter's moon Io.
2003 – China launches Shenzhou 5, its first manned space mission.
2005 – A riot in Toledo, Ohio breaks out during a National Socialist/Neo-Nazi protest; over 100 are arrested.
2006 – The 6.7 Mw Kiholo Bay earthquake rocks Hawaii, causing property damage, injuries, landslides, power outages, and the closure of Honolulu International Airport.
2007 – Seventeen activists in New Zealand are arrested in the country's first post-9/11 anti-terrorism raids.
2008 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes down 733.08 points, or 7.87%, the second worst percentage drop in the Dow's history.
2011 – The 2011 Global Protests occur.
2013 – The 7.2 Mw Bohol earthquake strikes the Philippines. More than 215 die.
2016 – 197 nations amend the Montreal Protocol to include a phase-out of hydrofluorocarbons.
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